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  John Tropman

Sick CEO? Succession Plans a Must

2/12/2009 --

Organizational succession plans should require top executives to get physical exams and reveal results.

ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Organizations and businesses should have a succession plan in case the chief executive officer and other top executives become ill or die, says a Ross School professor.

John Tropman, adjunct professor of organizational behavior and human resource management, says that a succession plan should outline short- and long-term provisions, including requiring top executives to take physical examinations and disclosing the results.

"Magnifying the risk is that current approaches to dealing with an ill executive seem deeply flawed," Tropman says. "There are few clear guidelines about procedures and actions to be taken."

Illness among top executives is an unrecognized problem in businesses, organizations and government. It's assumed, Tropman says, that executives are healthy or functional, but that's not always the case.

This situation raises questions about when the board of directors or senior executives should intervene on the behalf of a CEO or president, and who makes the decision.

"It's not a question if you have an illness or not, but does the condition impair the executive's performance," Tropman says.

He points to several ways how illness negatively affects executive performance and generates unhealthy organizational behavior:

--Physical effects: Illness depletes an executive's energy for a demanding job. Lowered energy requires more rest, and treatment regimens require time.

--Intellectual effects: Some illnesses, such as brain injury or stroke, can lower one's cognitive ability in processing information and decision-making.

--Intrapersonal/interpersonal effects: Illness impacts interaction with others because ill people tend to focus on themselves.

--Uncertainty reigns: Superiors and subordinates experience problems similar to those confronted by the ill person's family. Bosses do not want to intervene too soon. Subordinates do not want to appear overreaching, but also do not want to delay intervention for fear of being blamed for undue delay.

"The organization must balance the rights of the individual with the company's best interest, which involves paying a salary for a competent person," Tropman says.

The findings appear in this month's online issue of Directors & Boards. Tropman co-wrote the article with U-M colleagues Robert Winfield and Penny Tropman.

For more information, contact:
Bernie DeGroat, (734) 936-1015 or 647-1847,